Home Internet What is 5 GHz Network? List of Devices Compatible with 5 GHz NetworkWe all use WiFi at our homes and offices and most of us are familiar with the moniker 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz frequency bands. In fact, all the connected devices that we buy today including our smartphones, tablets, and more, mention as to which frequency bands they support. That said, not many people know the difference between these frequency bands and that has led to a lot of confusion. Well, we will try to eradicate that confusion in this article as we explain everything that you need to know about the 5 GHz network to see what makes it different from the 2.4 GHz and is it any better:
Before we get to understand the 5 GHz network, first, we have to understand how WiFi works. Just like mobile networks, WiFi networks use radio waves to transfer data across the network. While radio waves cover a big frequency range (~3 KHz to 300 GHz), the main frequency range used for commercial WiFi purposes are the 2.4 GHz (2.4 to 2.5 GHz) band and 5 GHz (5.180 GHz to 5.825 GHz) band. When the first WiFi bands were made available for public use, an organization called IEEE (The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) set up a new committee called the “IEEE 802” which released a set of standards called the “802.11” for implementing wireless local area network (WLAN) computer communication in the 2.4 and 5 GHz frequency bands.
That’s why, when you see the WLAN certification on your device, it reads 802.11 followed by any or all of the following letters; a/b/g/n/ac. Don’t get confused by the letters as they only signify the next standard in WLAN technology. The 802.11 was the first standard that was followed by the 802.11a which was followed by the 802.11b, and so on. That said these letters do suggest as to which frequency band your device can operate in. The 802.11 b/g/n devices can receive signals that are transmitted using the 2.4 GHz band while the 802.11 a/n/ac uses 5 GHz band.
What is 5 GHz WiFi Network?
Now that you have a little background knowledge of the origins of WiFi, you are ready to understand the 5 GHz WiFi network. As it is apparent from the above section, the 5 GHz WiFi network uses radio waves between the frequency of 5.180 GHz and 5.825 GHz. For your device to be able to receive these signals, it should be certified by the WLAN 802.11 a/n/ac standard. The 5 GHz band is further divided into 24 different channels each being 20 MHz wide. Channels are very important as at any given time, your device can only use one channel, but more on that later . Now let’s see if and why 5 GHz network is better than the 2.4 GHz network.
Courtesy:VeEX Inc.5 GHz vs 2.4 GHz Network
Both the 5 GHz network and the 2.4 GHz network come with their own pros and cons. Depending on the circumstances, sometimes using the 2.4 GHz network will be beneficial for you and vice versa. That said, in general using the 5 GHz network will yield a faster network speed, however, not for the reasons you might think. People who don’t know about the network transfer protocols might assume that the speed on 5 GHz network will be faster as it has a higher frequency, however, that cannot be farther from the truth.
* Problems with 2.4 GHz Network
The main reason 2.4 GHz network is slower is because of two main reasons; channels and bandwidth. As a rule of thumb, the 802.11 RF modulation techniques require about 20 MHz in channel width to operate. Since the 2.4 GHz band has 13 channels which are only 5 MHz apart, there is significant overlap and interference between the channels. Also, the fact that 2.4 GHz channel is not only used by WiFi networks but also other types of networks such as Bluetooth, security camera, and even microwave, the 2.4 GHz band is already too crowded and has only a limited bandwidth to offer.
Due to the above two reasons, the 2.4 GHz band suffers a lot of interference. The impact of this interference can cause anything between lower data speeds to a complete signal lossdepending on the nature and severity of interference. I don’t want to bore you with the technical stuff, so the thing that you should know is that RF channels are a shared medium. So, all the devices using the same channel as your access point will be using the same bandwidth. Seeing how 2.4 GHz network is the used by almost every smart device, that bandwidth is low to begin with. Add that to the fact that in the 2.4 GHz band, the channels overlap with each other, which causes the devices which are not even in your channel to use the same bandwidth which in turn also impedes your network.
* How 5 GHz Network Solves These Problems?
The problems that you experience while using a 2.4 GHz network doesn’t exist in the 5 GHz network, as it’s not used as much as the former. This means that 5 GHz network still has a lot of free bandwidth which is not being exploited. It also helps that channel width in 5 GHz network is 20 MHz, and hence, none of the channels overlap with each other. Because of these two reasons, the 5 GHz network is not prone to the problems faced by the 2.4 GHz network.
* Problems with 5 GHz Network
Although the 5 GHz network doesn’t suffer from the same problems that we have discussed till now, it has its own fair share of problems. The biggest problem of using a 5 GHz network is that it cannot travel far and is easily impeded by structures such as walls, doors, and other physical hurdles around it. What that means is that for getting the best speed possible, you should be direct in the line-of-sight of your router. That’s why if you are using a single router in your home, and your room doesn’t have its own router, the signal that you receive in your room will be far weaker on a 5 GHz network than what you would get if you are using the 2.4 GHz network.
Courtesy:VeEX Inc.Devices Compatible With 5 GHz Network
As you can see, although 5 GHz network suffers from a few problems itself, its pros far outweigh its cons. If you want your devices to get the best internet speed in the future, you should only buy the ones which support 5 GHz WiFi Network. We have attached the list of all the phones released in the past two years which support 5 GHz WiFi Network to help you find out if your device supports it or not:Brand NameModel NameAppleiPhone XAppleiPhone 8 PlusAppleiPhone 8AppleiPhone 7AppleiPhone 7 PlusSamsungGalaxy A3 (2017)SamsungGalaxy A3 (2018)SamsungGalaxy A5 (2017)SamsungGalaxy A5 (2018)SamsungGalaxy S8SamsungGalaxy S8 PlusSamsungGalaxy S7SamsungGalaxy S7 EdgeSamsungGalaxy C7 ProSamsungGalaxy Note 7SamsungGalaxy Note 8SamsungGalaxy S6 ActiveSamsungGalaxy S7 ActiveNokiaX6Nokia7 plusNokia8Nokia8 SiroccoXiaomiMi MIX 2SXiaomiMi MIX 2XiaomiMi 8XiaomiMi 7XiaomiMi 8 SEXiaomiMi 8 Explorer EditionXiaomiBlack SharkXiaomiRedmi Note 5 ProXiaomiMi A1XiaomiRedmi 4 PrimeXiaomiMi MaxXiaomiMi Max 2XiaomiMi Max 3XiaomiMi 6X (Mi A2)OnePlusOnePlus 6OnePlusOnePlus 3OnePlusOnePlus 3TOnePlusOnePlus 5TOnePlusOnePlus 5HTCHTC 10HTCHTC U12+HTCHTC Desire 10 ProHTCU UltraHTCU11HTCU11 lifeHuaweiMate 9HuaweiMate 9 ProHuaweiHonor MagicHuaweiHuawei P10 PlusHuaweiHuawei P10HuaweiHuawei P20 ProHuaweiHuawei P20HuaweiHonor View 10HuaweiHuawei Honor 10HuaweiHuawei Honor PlayGooglePixel 2GooglePixel 2 XLGooglePixelGooglePixel XLVivovivo V9Vivovivo NEX SVivovivo X21Vivovivo X21 UDVivovivo X20Vivovivo X20 UDOppoOppo Find XOppoOppo F7OppoOppo A83OppoOppo R15OppoOppo R15 ProOppoOppo R9 PlusOppoOppo R9s PlusOppoOppo A5OppoOppo F7MotorolaMoto G6 PlusMotorolaMoto G6MotorolaMoto ZMotorolaMoto Z3 PlayMotorolaMoto Z2 PlayMotorolaMoto Z ForceMotorolaMoto Z2 PlayMotorolaMoto Z2 ForceMotorolaMoto G5S PlusMotorolaMoto G5 PlusLenovoLenovo Z5LenovoLenovo P2LenovoLenovo ZUK Z2LenovoLenovo ZUK Z1LenovoLenovo ZUK Z2 ProLenovoLenovo Phab2 PlusLenovoLenovo Phab2 ProLenovoLenovo Vibe K4 NoteAsusZenFone 3 Max ZC553KLAsusZenFone 3 Deluxe ZS550KLAsusZenFone 3 Ultra ZU680KLAsusZenFone 3AsusZenFone 3 MaxAsusZenFone Pegasus 3AsusZenFone Max (2016)AsusZenfone 5z ZS620KLAsusZenfone 3 Zoom ZE553KLLGG7 ThinQLGLG G6LGV30LGV35 ThinQLGV30S ThinQLGQ Stylo 4SonyXperia XZ2 PremiumSonyXperia XZ PremiumSonyXperia XZSonyXperia XZ2SonyXZ2 CompactSonyXperia XA2 UltraSonyXperia XA1SonyXperia XA1 UltraSonyXperia XA2BlackBerryKEY2BlackBerryKeyoneBlackBerryDTEK60BlackBerryDTEK50ZTEnubia Red MagicZTEnubia Z18 miniZTEAxon 7ZTEnubia Z18ZTEnubia M2ZTEnubia Z17ZTEnubia Z17sZTEnubia Z17 miniZTENubia Z11 miniZTEnubia Z11 mini SLavaZ91LavaZ90LavaZ80
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5 GHz WiFi Network: Revolution or Evolution?
5 GHz WiFi network is nothing new. In fact, it was ratified in the September of 1999 along with the 2.4 GHz network. That said, since the deployment of 2.4 GHz network was easier and cost-effective, it quickly became the universally adopted WiFi network while the 5 GHz band took a backseat. Now that the 2.4 GHz frequency band is overused and is causing a lot of connection problems, people are turning towards the 5 GHz network which has been sitting empty for almost two decades. To conclude, the 5 GHz network is nothing revolutionary, however, it is something that we need to adopt if we are to solve our WiFi connectivity problems.
I hope that I was able to explain the 5 GHz WiFi network in a way that was understandable. Do keep in mind that I have simplified some of the technical topics to make this article more reader friendly. If you still cannot grasp this or have any doubts, ask your questions in the comments section below and I will try my best to answer them as soon as possible.